The admission process for graduate school is different from the application process for undergraduate in several notable ways. First, graduate schools do not have an Office of Admissions with admissions counselors, rather they have admissions committees. These committees are composed of faculty members who teach the graduate courses. These faculty members have a vested interest in selecting the best students because they will be working closely with these students throughout their program.
Another difference between the graduate and undergraduate applications is the value placed on different parts of the application. When applying as an undergraduate, a student's high school or transfer GPA and SAT/ACT scores are the main determinate of acceptance. On the other hand, graduate programs utilize a cutoff method based on the GPA and GRE score. If an applicant's GPA and GRE score exceed the cutoff, they are considered for acceptance. If they fall below the cut off they are usually not forwarded on to the admissions committee. The proper combination of coursework will also be reviewed at this point. For research-focused programs, the compatibility of research interests between the applicant and the faculty members will be very important in the admissions process.
Once the admissions committee receives the applications that have met the cutoff, they will place values upon the strength of the applicant's statement of purpose, resume, letters of recommendations, research experiences and internship or volunteer experiences. The value of each piece of the application is unique for each program and depends on the faculty members' perception of importance for predicting a successful graduate student. In this way, one can view graduate school application as a qualitative process. Applicants are encouraged to speak with academic advisers, their current faculty members and graduate students about the strength of their application.
GPA and Classes
Graduate programs will generally be looking for a minimum GPA from their applicants. As a general rule, masters level programs are looking for a 3.0 GPA and doctoral level are looking for a 3.5. Some graduate programs will refigure their applicant's GPA based on their major or the final two years of undergraduate school, while other programs will leave the GPA untouched. Some may add the GPA from community colleges into the UW GPA, while others only look at grades received at four-year institutions. Applicants may contact the programs they are interested in to learn the cut off and how the program evaluates the GPA.
Graduate programs will require transcripts from all colleges or universities applicants have attended. Applicants will want to ensure that the selection of courses taken will reflect a student interested in learning. Applicants interested in research-oriented programs should have a strong science, laboratory, statistics and research background. We recommend 10 credits of biology, mathematics, physical science and a year of research or internship. Counseling and clinical programs may require specific psychology core courses such as developmental and abnormal psychology.
A few programs may admit students who do not meet their GPA requirement or have not completed all prerequisite courses. If they allow students with lower GPA's into the program, the student will probably be placed on a probationary status where they will need to attain a certain GPA to continue. If a student is admitted without the prerequisite courses, they will be required to complete these courses early in their graduate studies.
GRE General test and Psychology Subjects test
General Gre Information
The GRE General Test consists of three sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. The Verbal and Quantitative sections are each scored using an 800-point scale similar to the SAT exam and the Writing section is scored on a six-point scale.
Gre Psychology Subjects Test
The Psychology Subjects Test has 210 questions related to general areas of psychology. This test is very difficult and requires specific knowledge. We recommend students only take the test when necessary and only after concentrated study. Check with your desired graduate program to see if this test is required.
Registering For The Gre
Computer Based: Contact a CBT Test Center to register for the Computer Based GRE General Test. Subject tests are only offered as paper based. Most UW students use the regional testing center located at Prometric Testing Center in Mountlake Terrace, WA (located about 10 miles from campus). They may be reached at 425-697-3798 or ETS may be reached at 1-800-GRE-SCORE. Have your credit card ready for the $115 fee and know the codes for the universities where you want your scores to be sent. They will provide you with a test date, time and location, and a confirmation number.
Paper Based: The paper based GRE General Test is only offered twice a year in March and October. The Subjects Tests are administered three times a year in November, December and April. You will need to register for these exams 6 weeks before they are administered. GRE registration bulletins are found in the Psychology Advising Office or you may register online at http://www.gre.org.
Make sure to take your GRE early. It may take up to one month before your scores are reported to your desired schools. You may repeat the GRE up to five times within one year. Your GRE scores are maintained for a period of five years.
The GRE website may be found at http://www.gre.org. The website has information on signing up for the exam, sample tests, and testing strategies. A great way to study for the GRE is to take a sample test to determine how much studying you will need to do. Students prepare for the GRE by using a study guide book, taking courses at the Women's Center (http://depts.washington.edu/womenctr/programs/lifelonglearning/), taking an online course or through a professional preparation course.
Statement of Purpose or Letter of Intent
The personal statement provides the applicant with the opportunity to express who they are and why they want to attend a specific program. It is an extremely important part of the application and should be written specifically for each particular program. Some guidelines for the letter of intent are:
- Outline your educational and professional objectives
- Describe your academic interests and the area in which you would like to do research if you are applying to a research based program. If possible, identify how your interest in working with a specific faculty member.
- Provide evidence of your research skills and interests.
- Demonstrate a commitment to clinical/counseling work (if applying to clinical or counseling programs). Explain how you became interested in counseling/clinical and discuss your experiences in this field.
- Indicate any unique skills or abilities you have that are relevant to graduate study (i.e. computer skills, language skills, special lab equipment, etc.)
- Explain your reasons for wanting to attend a particular school'show there is a good match between your goals and the training goals of the program. Do your research on the goals/orientation of the program before you write your letter of intent.
Make sure to answer any specific questions posed on the application and stick to the page limits.
Regardless of a student's level of writing skills, students should not submit a statement without having several people read and critique it. Faculty members, graduate students and the Psychology Writing Center are good resources.
Resume or Vita
The vita or resume is a description of the academic, professional and volunteer experiences an applicant has completed. It should include:
- Name and contact information
- Professional and educational goals
- Educational accomplishments listing degrees awarded or to be awarded, honors, scholarships, awards, majors, minors and specializations
- Research experiences including a description of the research project and your specific role. Include information on the researcher and the responsibilities you had.
- Teaching or tutoring experiences
- Work and fieldwork experiences that are related to psychology or working with people. Other positions held may be listed, but emphasis should be on work experiences that will be the most impressive to the admissions committee.
- Papers or professional presentations
- Professional or extra-curricular affiliations
The UW Center for Career Services, in Mary Gates Hall, can provide examples of resumes and vitas and counselors are available to provide feedback.
Research or Internship Experiences
Students interested in research based graduate programs should complete at least one year of work on a research project. Students may receive research experience by working for faculty members and graduate students as a research assistant (earning PSYCH 499 credit). Students who do research over an extended period of time on the same project will be able to develop professional relationships with faculty members and earn greater responsibility within their research project. This will allow faculty to get to know students better and will lead to a strong letter of recommendation. Get involved in research in a variety of ways by helping to design studies, run subjects through experiments, interview subjects, input and analyze data. If a student is not satisfied with their first 499 experience, they are encouraged to ask their research coordinator for different responsibilities or they may change studies. Students may eventually progress to doing their own research or might possibly co-author a publication.
Students interested in clinical or counseling psychology will need an experience where they have worked with people in a social services or counseling setting. Many programs will require a completion of at least one hundred hours of work. Students volunteer at schools, shelters, criminal justice system, hospitals, or in other agencies. The Psychology Advising Office has a list of volunteer or internship opportunities in the Seattle area. To receive credit, students will register for Psych 497 or General Studies 350. Students do not necessarily need to receive credit for their volunteer or internship experience.
For more information see:
Letters of Recommendation
In general, applicants will need three strong letters of recommendation. Most programs require that at least two of these letters come from faculty members. Students will want to build solid professional relationships with the faculty members from their courses and research experiences. The letters of recommendation should discuss the applicant's research interests, academic ability, written communication skills, professional identification, emotional stability, and interpersonal skills. All of these factors go into predicting overall success in a graduate program.
Applicants should ask for letters of recommendation at least two months before they are due. A conscientious applicant will provide their recommenders with a resume, copy of their letter of intent or statement of purpose, all proper forms and a stamped/addressed envelope for each program. After an applicant has received notice that the graduate programs have received the letters of recommendation, they should send thank you notes to their recommenders.
If a student is thinking about taking some time off after receiving their bachelors degree, they should make contact with their faculty members while they are still undergraduate students to request letters of recommendation.
Students may start a file in the Center for Career Services in Mary Gates Hall to collect their letters of recommendation.