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Yuichi Shoda and co-authors Adam Smiley and Jessica Glazier published in Royal Society Open Science journal

Adam Smiley (Ph.D. '22), Jessica Glazier (Ph.D. '22), and Yuichi Shoda just published an article in Royal Society Open Science titled “Null Regions: A Unified Conceptual Framework for Statistical Inference.”

You can read the article here: 

Abstract: Ruling out the possibility that there is absolutely no effect or association between variables may be a good first step, but it is rarely the ultimate goal of science. Yet that is the only inference provided by traditional null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), which has been a mainstay of many scientific fields. Reliance on NHST also makes it difficult to define what it means to replicate a finding, and leads to an uncomfortable quandary in which increasing precision in data reduces researchers' ability to perform theory falsification. To solve these problems, in recent years several alternatives to traditional NHST have been proposed. However, each new test is described using its own terminology and practiced in different fields. We describe a simple, unified framework for conceptualizing all these tests so that it is not necessary to learn them separately. Moreover, the framework allows researchers to conduct any of these tests by asking just one question: is the confidence interval entirely outside the null region(s)? This framework may also help researchers choose the test(s) that best answers their research question when simply ruling out ‘no effect at all’ is not enough.